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Diagnostics & Testing

Varicose Veins & Treatments


Veins are blood ves­sels that car­ry blood back to the heart. To keep blood mov­ing toward the heart, veins have one way valves. When the valves break­down, blood does not flow well and can cause Chron­ic Venous Insuf­fi­cien­cy (CVI) and vari­cose veins. The abnor­mal flow of blood is typ­i­cal­ly referred to as reflux’ since the blood moves back­wards and for­wards. Venous reflux occurs most often in veins clos­est to the skin (super­fi­cial veins) and vari­cose veins can be blue, red, or flesh-col­ored. They typ­i­cal­ly look like cords under the skin and can be twist­ed or bulging. Spi­der veins are like vari­cose veins, but much small­er. The look like small tree branch­es on the sur­face of the skin.

What is Pulmonary Function Testing?


Pul­monary func­tion tests (PFTs) are a series of non-inva­sive diag­nos­tic tests that mea­sure how well your lungs work and can be used to help diag­nose cer­tain lung dis­or­ders. Pul­monary func­tion tests’ is an inclu­sive term that refers to many dif­fer­ent pro­ce­dures that mea­sure how your lungs work in dif­fer­ent ways. Specif­i­cal­ly these tests mea­sure how well you are able to breathe and how well your lungs are able to sup­ply oxy­gen to your body by mea­sur­ing your lung vol­umes, capac­i­ties, rates of flow and gas exchange.

The Colonoscopy Survival Guide


A colonoscopy is a diag­nos­tic test that allows your gas­troen­terol­o­gist to exam­ine your large intes­tine for any abnor­mal­i­ties and pre-can­cer­ous growths called polyps. Dur­ing your colonoscopy, your doc­tor can obtain tis­sue sam­ples for fur­ther test­ing and remove any polyps found before they devel­op into can­cer­ous tumors. In addi­tion to screen­ing for col­orec­tal can­cer, colono­scopies may be used to diag­nose a num­ber of gas­troin­testi­nal issues and may be rec­om­mend­ed if you are expe­ri­enc­ing symp­toms including:

Podiatry, Foot & Ankle Surgery FAQs


Today’s podi­a­trists are spe­cial­ists, med­ical­ly and sur­gi­cal­ly trained to treat the foot and ankle. From sports injuries and dia­betes com­pli­ca­tions to pedi­atric defor­mi­ties and heel pain, podi­a­trists are able to tack­le all of your foot care needs. Licensed in all 50 states, the Dis­trict of Colum­bia and Puer­to Rico, there are approx­i­mate­ly 15,000 podi­a­trists prac­tic­ing in the Unit­ed States. Here are answers to fre­quent­ly asked ques­tions (FAQs) about today’s podiatrists.