Veins are blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart. To keep blood moving toward the heart, veins have one way valves. When the valves breakdown, blood does not flow well and can cause Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) and varicose veins. The abnormal flow of blood is typically referred to as ‘reflux’ since the blood moves backwards and forwards. Venous reflux occurs most often in veins closest to the skin (superficial veins) and varicose veins can be blue, red, or flesh-colored. They typically look like cords under the skin and can be twisted or bulging. Spider veins are like varicose veins, but much smaller. The look like small tree branches on the surface of the skin.
Fluoroscopy, or fluoro, is made up of “live” X‑ray images that when they are put together look like a movie. A fluoroscope allows medical staff to see bones and also helps physicians to identify soft tissue pathology.
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are a series of non-invasive diagnostic tests that measure how well your lungs work and can be used to help diagnose certain lung disorders. ‘Pulmonary function tests’ is an inclusive term that refers to many different procedures that measure how your lungs work in different ways. Specifically these tests measure how well you are able to breathe and how well your lungs are able to supply oxygen to your body by measuring your lung volumes, capacities, rates of flow and gas exchange.
Radiology imaging is a critical component of healthcare used as a tool in medicine to show parts of the body. But have you ever wondered why your physician referred you for a CT scan instead of an MRI, or what Nuclear Medicine is used for? If so, this infographic is an easy reference chart that highlights the different types of diagnostic imaging and what they’re used for.
In the United States, more people are diagnosed with skin cancer each year than all other cancers combined. The best way to detect and treat skin cancer early is by scheduling an annual skin examination with your dermatologist.
According to the American Cancer Society, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer sometime in their lifetime. While the biggest risk factors of developing breast cancer are your age and gender — other factors can also increase an individual’s risk including genetic makeup, personal/family history, dense breast tissue and more.
A colonoscopy is a diagnostic test that allows your gastroenterologist to examine your large intestine for any abnormalities and pre-cancerous growths called polyps. During your colonoscopy, your doctor can obtain tissue samples for further testing and remove any polyps found before they develop into cancerous tumors. In addition to screening for colorectal cancer, colonoscopies may be used to diagnose a number of gastrointestinal issues and may be recommended if you are experiencing symptoms including:
Obesity is a chronic, neurobehavioral disease that affects over 30 percent of adults in the United States today. You are considered obese if your Body Mass Index (BMI) score, which compares your height to weight ratio, is 30 or higher. Overtime, carrying excess weight increases your risk of developing other health conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure and sleep apnea.
The terms “closed” and “open” generally refers to the geometry of the magnets used in MRI scanners.
Today’s podiatrists are specialists, medically and surgically trained to treat the foot and ankle. From sports injuries and diabetes complications to pediatric deformities and heel pain, podiatrists are able to tackle all of your foot care needs. Licensed in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, there are approximately 15,000 podiatrists practicing in the United States. Here are answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) about today’s podiatrists.