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Health Topics

3 Ways to Lower Your Risk for Prostate Cancer

By DuPage Medical Group Urology

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers that occur in men. According to the American Cancer Society, 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetime. Prostate cancer is a serious disease, but most men that are diagnosed do not die from it, in fact there are more than 2.9 million survivors today.

Do you know your risk factors and how to reduce your risk?

Risk Factors

 
Age

Like many health issues, your risk for prostate cancer increases with age. The average age at the time of diagnosis is about 66. Prostate cancer is very rare before age 40.

Family History

If another male in your family has had prostate cancer, or if breast cancer is very prevalent in your family, you may be at an increased risk due to your genetic makeup.

Race/Ethnicity

African-American men tend to have a greater risk of prostate cancer, though it is unclear as to why.

Obesity

Obesity makes it more difficult to treat prostate cancer; men who are obese may also have a more advanced stage of prostate cancer.

3 Ways to Reduce Risk For Prostate Cancer

 
Eat Right

A healthy diet contributes to overall well-being. To reduce your risk of prostate cancer, eat a low-fat diet, high in fruits and vegetables, fish, and limit your dairy consumption.

Maintain a Healthy Weight

Men with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher are at greater risk for prostate cancer.

Exercise Regularly

Studies have shown that men who exercise frequently may have a reduced risk of prostate cancer. Exercise also leads to a healthier lifestyle. If you don’t exercise already, talk to your doctor before you start an exercise routine.

Prostate Cancer Screening

Men should talk to their doctors about the benefits, risks and limitations of prostate cancer screening before deciding to be tested.

DMG physicians generally recommend that starting at age 50:

  • Every man receive a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening completed every two years until age 75.
    • This is done through a simple blood draw to measure your PSA level and may help in detecting prostate cancer early.
  • Patients who are at a high risk of developing prostate cancer should have an annual PSA screening starting at age 40.
    • You are considered high risk if you have a personal or family history of prostate cancer.

Don’t forget to start the discussion with your doctor this year at your annual physical/wellness exam.

 

Topics and Subtopics: Cancer & Men's Health

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