HomeHealth Topics A to ZType 1 Diabetes vs. Type 2 Diabetes. Can You Spot the Difference?
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Type 1 Diabetes vs. Type 2 Diabetes. Can You Spot the Difference?

By DuPage Medical Group Endocrinology



There are two different forms of diabetes—Type 1 and Type 2. While the symptoms and complications might be the same, the causes are very different. Can you tell the difference? Take a look below at the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms:
• Constant thirst
• Frequent urination
• Feeling very hungry
• Feeling very tired
• Losing weight without trying
• Sores that heal slowly
• Dry, itchy skin
• Feelings of pins and needles in your feet
• Losing feeling in your feet
• Blurry eyesight

While the symptoms are similar, the differences are drastic.

Type 1
Type 2
Cause:

Your immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin causing your body to not produce enough or any insulin.

Cause:

Type 2 usually begins with insulin resistance, a situation where insulin is ineffective in helping glucose enter the body’s cells for energy. Therefore, your pancreas needs to produce more insulin to help glucose reach the cells. Eventually your pancreas cannot keep up with the demand.

Treatment:

-Taking shots (injections) of insulin

-Taking medicine by mouth

-Making healthy food choices

-Being physically active

-Controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels

Treatment:

-Taking diabetes medications to help improve your insulin’s effectiveness

-Making healthy food choices

-Being physically active

-Controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels

Who Gets It?

This type is the most common in children and young adults, Caucasians, and those with family history of diabetes

Who Gets It?

People who are overweight or inactive, have family history of diabetes, are of African American, Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic, and Native American descent

 

 

 

 

 



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