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What You Need To Know About Kidney Stones

By DuPage Medical Group Urology

Think you might have a kidney stone? Small kidney stones can sometimes be present for years without causing symptoms. Learn more about kidney stone signs, symptoms and when to call the doctor.

About Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are small mineral deposits that form inside your kidneys when the urine becomes concentrated and allows minerals to crystallize and stick together. Anyone can develop a kidney stone, but people with certain diseases or conditions are more susceptible (gout, diabetes, hyperparathyroidism).

A stone may stay in the kidney or travel down the urinary tract. Kidney stones can vary in size and shape, they may be as small as a grain of sand or as large (or even larger) as a pearl. They may be jagged or smooth and are usually yellow or brown.

A small stone may pass on its own, causing little to no pain, while a larger stone may get stuck and cause severe pain.

Signs of a Kidney Stone

You might have a kidney stone if you experience:

  • A burning sensation or pain when urinating
  • A constant need to urinate
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the abdomen, groin or upper back
  • Nausea and vomiting

The pain caused from a kidney stone may change as it moves through your urinary tract, it may change locations or increase in intensity, and last for a long or short time. If you have a small stone and it passes easily, you may not experience any symptoms at all.

Know When To Call The Doctor

You should call a doctor if you have any of the following:

  • Extreme pain in your back or lower abdomen that won’t go away
  • Blood in your urine
  • Fever and chills
  • Vomiting
  • Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy
  • Pain when you urinate

These problems may mean you have a kidney stone or a more serious condition.

To schedule an appointment with a DMG urologist call 630-790-1221.

Topics and Subtopics: Kidney Disease

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